The Struggle for Pekař’s Chair
Václav Chaloupecký, František Hrubý, and the Generational Shift in ‘Czechoslovak’ Academic Historiography during the First Republic
Milan Ducháček (*1978) teaches at Lauder Schools of the Jewish Community
in Prague , email@example.com Other contributions by the same author
The generational, conceptual, and methodological transformation of the Czech
(and Czechoslovak) historiography has traditionally been linked to the 1st
Congress of Czechoslovak Historians which took place in 1937. The aim of this
contribution is to examine this supposition and describe the circumstances which
led to Václav Chaloupecký succeeding Pekař in the Prague chair of Czechoslovak
history. In the background of the text, the author also questions the stereotype
of ‘Czechoslovakism’ as a key concept of Czechoslovak interwar historiography,
examines the (dis)continuity of ‘Goll’s school’, and investigates the rise of
Marxist historiography in the Czech environment. In doing so, the author aims
at creating a framework of interpretation based on a broader context than the
hitherto prevailing focus on Prague, its academia and its academics tends to offer.
Given the wide scope, however, the goal of the text is not to meticulously map
the changes and shifts in Czechoslovak historiography of the period in question.
Rather, the intention is to present a partial point of view, one intended as a
possible prolegomenon to the range of issues outlined above.