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Jiří Hutečka Comrades from the Front

The article aims at analyzing the process of remembering and memory discourses of the First World War as experienced by both Czech and Slovak veterans during the interwar years. Specifically, main attention is given to the vast majority of Czech ex-servicemen who spent the war in Austro-Hungarian uniform, which brought their memory of the war into a precarious position under the new state of Czechoslovakia. They had to cope with the fact that the years they spent in the trenches were not only completely overshadowed by the official discourse of the “heroic legionnaire” (i.e., member of the Czechoslovak Legion, a small minority of men who served in the war), but also with the fact that since early 1920s the general society sought to construct its (non-legionary) memory of the war around the more and more pronounced concept of the “good soldier Svejk”, i.e. a slacker subversive to the K.u.K. war effort, only waiting to go AWOL. As the hegemonic masculinity of the time tended to at least partially revolve around the image of heroic service (epitomized by the legionnaire myth), author follows several paths the K.u.K. ex-servicemen treaded in their effort to both fit into the general discourse of wartime “nation building” and keep in line with the hegemonic masculine image. As it is clear, after the Great Depression and especially during 1930s, their efforts in this area resulted into a group-specific collective memory of the First World War, emphasizing a well-fulfilled (even though unwilling) duty fitting of good men and citizens.

Jiří Hutečka PETR WOHLMUTH, Krev, čest a hrůza. Historická antropologie pevnostní války na příkladu britských deníků z obléhání pevnosti Bergen op Zoom z roku 1747 [Blood, Honour and Horror. Representations of Siege Warfare in British Journals During the Siege at Bergen op Zoom in 1747]

Jiří Hutečka VÍTĚZSLAV PRCHAL, Společenstvo hrdinů. Válka a reprezentační strategie českomoravské aristokracie, 1550–1750

Jiří Hutečka „New“ Military History of the First World War

Over recent decades, "new military history" has become a mainstream concept in the historical study of warfare. The article attempts to summarize how this concept has changed our understanding of the First World War, including all the main areas of research it has covered over the years, and focuses on the issue of a "missing link" in the study of conflicts through the lenses of both "new" and "old" military histories – that is, that violence and combat, which are the ultimate focus of every war effort, remain largely left out of the picture current historiographical work paints. Identifying this problem within the context of the historiography of the First World War, the text offers a brief insight into its origins and suggests some possible remedies.