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Markéta Křížová Cultural Transfers (Not Only) at the Colonial Border of the New World

The frontier regions of colonial empires offer themselves as almost ideal spaces for the study of two-way cultural transfers. The present article presents the possibilities, but also the limits of the study of cultural transfer and entangled history/histoire croisée on the example of the Jesuit missions on the borders of Spanish colonies in America, especially the northern frontier of the viceroyalty of New Spain (contemporary Mexico and Central America). Traditionally, historiography made use of the Jesuit texts more for illustrating the narratives of the advance of European colonization to the interior of the New World. But even though these testimonies are based on the European optic, they can be used also for the analysis of the view of the natives of the colonial processes and the role of the missionary as “knowledge brokers” on the level of material as well as spiritual culture. Important is the fact that the culture imprinted upon the natives was not homogeneous, as many of the missionaries in the peripheral regions were non-Spanish.

Markéta Křížová Food Fit for Swine, Nourishment, and Gift from God

The article focuses on the issue of indirect cultural transfers in the Atlantic area in Early Modern Era, mainly transfers of material culture (culinary practices) and their broader consequences. As a case study, the author uses the introduction of potatoes into the Lands of the Bohemian Crown in the eighteenth century. Another aim of this article is to tests the viability of concepts originally proposed for the description of cultural transfers in non-European regions (transculturation, contact zone, creolisation) for the study of cultural transfers in areas not characterised by an immediate clash of cultures in the course of conquest and colonisation of overseas territories. The main aim of the text is to highlight the fact that the ‘great frontier’ of Early Modern global transformation of cultures and lifestyles reached even the apparently marginal areas of Central Europe.