Understanding the History and Instrumentalisation of the Past in the National Ideology of Tomáš G. Masaryk at the Turn of the 20th Century
The study is dedicated to the instrumentalisation of history in the national ideology of T. G. Masaryk at the turn of the twentieth century. According to the author’s opinion, Masaryk deliberately neglected the earlier Cyril and Methodius tradition. History for him did not begin until the Hussite Reformation. The history of ‘Slovakia’ in Masaryk’s eyes acquires the character of the history of the Czechoslovak nation until the moment of the activity of the Bohemian Hussites in ‘Slovakia’. On the general level, Masaryk built on Slovak cultural nationalism, but he considered Kollár’s programme as insufficient. In the case of ‘Slovakia’, he withdrew from the linguistic definition of nationalism, which he replaced with historical constructs that were to form the joint cultural identity of the Czechs ad Slovaks. In so doing, he placed the emphasis on political history, which in his opinion led to the identification of Czechs and Slovaks in the political and territorial sense of the word and to the suppression of potential Hungarian patriotism.