Issues Accessible Online

Texts and articles

Veronika Čapská, Lucie Storchová Transculturalism Instead of National Mythologies?

The study introduces a bloc of articles which explore the growing field of the so called relational approaches to history. It present a critical overview of the developments of the theoretical and methodological discussions in the last thirty years. The authors understand the label “relational history” as an umbrella term for a broad spectrum of approaches which analyse transfers, interactions, interconnectedness and interdependencies of historical phenomena and share the ambition to overcome the national interpretational frameworks. The article shows that the methodological debates often continue to be marked by national contexts (one can mention for example the French-German debate on cultural transfer and histoire croisee or the Anglophone preference for the so called concept of transnationalism which itself refers to an idea of a nation). The authors see opportunities for a reflective research and more refined analytical approaches particularly in a systematic border-crossing and intensive collaboration of relational history with other disciplines.

Lucie Storchová JIŘÍ HUTEČKA, Muži proti ohni. Motivace, morálka a mužnost českých vojáků Velké války 1914–1918

Lucie Storchová PETRA KOŠŤÁLOVÁ (ed.), Šimon Polský, Putování 1608–1618. Cestopis a kroniky arménského poutníka

Lucie Storchová ELSBETH BÖSL, ANNE KLEIN, ANNE WALDSCHMIDT (eds.), Disability History. Konstruktionen von Behinderung in der Geschichte. Eine Einführung

Lucie Storchová VERONIKA ČAPSKÁ, VERONIKA MARKOVÁ (edd.), Gabriela Sobková z Kornic, provdaná ze Spens-Booden, Deníkové rodinné záznamy (1785–1808)

Lucie Storchová PAVEL HIML, Zrození vagabunda. Neusedlí lidé v Čechách 17. a 18. století

Lucie Storchová “Willingness to Work Emanated From Our Incomplete Bodies”

The study analyses the ways in which an autobiographical ‘self ’ was produced in ‘super-crip’ narratives of the so-called ‘armless wonders’ in Czechoslovakia in the 1920s and 1930s. In particular, the text focuses on the autobiographical narratives and other texts by František Filip (1904–1957), an ‘exemplary entrepreneur and self-made-man’. ‘Armless Frankie’, as he was known, became famous for his school performances, during which – with reference to his own ‘life’s struggles’, and ‘exemplary’ activities of his ‘defective body’ – he communicated to his young audience the notions of republican civic fitness and capitalist work ethic. Leaning against the recent intersectional work in disability history, this study emphasises the constructed nature of disability. The article raises and explores the following questions: What discourses of difference were most prominent in articulating the ‘self ’ in autobiographies? Did they de/activate each other in the process of meaning-making, and (if so) how? How did they produce the author’s self and the bodily difference itself? What kind of rhetoric strategies were used to visualise the extraordinary body in the accompanying photographs? How were these discursive intersections projected onto concepts of body of the nation and state’s social policy? Is it possible to interpret these strategies as forms of “neutralization” of the bodily difference?

Kateřina Kolářová, Lucie Storchová “Bodily Difference” as a Category of Historical Analysis

The collection of texts that we present in this special section introduces disability and bodily difference as a category of historical analysis. In the editorial we argue against the so-called minoritising view of disability and for an approach that discloses disability as a material effect of power/knowledge system and historical processes of normalisation. The presented texts were originally read at a conference Representation of bodily difference through interdisciplinary perspective (October 6-7th, 2010). It was its aim to discuss the analytical potential of “disability” and to instigate interest in disability-based historical analysis and research. The students and junior researchers oriented event was followed by an international conference Cripping Neoliberalism: Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Governing and Imagining Dis/Ability and Bodily Difference (October 8-9th, 2010), both of the event were organized with the support of School of Humanities, Charles University and the Institute of Philosophy of the Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic.

Lucie Storchová RADMILA ŠVAŘÍČKOVÁ SLABÁKOVÁ, JITKA KOHOUTOVÁ, RADMILA PAVLÍČKOVÁ, JIŘÍ HUTEČKA (edd.), Kontrukce maskulinnní identity v minulosti a současnosti. Koncepty, metody, perspektivy

Lucie Storchová Creative Melanchthonism

This study investigates possible reasons underlying the motivation of the older generation of Czech researchers who despite plentiful source materials showed little interest in a specific case of cultural exchange, namely one that took place after mid-sixteenth century between Czech scholars and German Lutheran universities. The subject of this exchange was the natural philosophy of Philipp Melanchthon and its adaptation to a new cultural environment, mainly that of the Prague Utraquist university. The author points to various cultural and ideological factors which may have contributed to underrepresentation of this cultural exchange in nineteenth- and twentieth-century Czech historiography. In particular, while humanist scholarship was perceived as a positive cultural value, nationalist Czech historians found it difficult to reconcile this with their notion of the German ‘civilising mission’ and tended to focus on links to the Italian environment. It is also well possible that some religious factors played a role or attempts to play down various forms of ‘trivialisation’. Czech historians may have been indebted to the modern system of sciences classification and had certain preconceptions regarding ‘suitable sources’ that would better suit their notion of forms of knowledge and mediation of cultural exchange in Early Modern Era.