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Denisa Nečasová MILENA LENDEROVÁ, BOŽENA KOPIČKOVÁ, JANA BUREŠOVÁ, EDUARD MAUR (edd.), Žena v českých zemích od středověku do 20. století

Denisa Nečasová Women Lead the Municipality

The study is devoted to the issue of the implementation of the communist visions in Czechoslovak society after the communist revolution on the model of the deliberate placement of women in the leadership of local national committees in small municipalities in 1950. The interest of communist power in a higher number of women active in the national committees arose from the problematic situation of the national committees themselves, which were to form the backbone of the power state apparatus reaching even to the remotest parts of the republic. Along with that, there was also an attempt to include women much more actively than before in the socialist building enthusiasm. The author examines in detail both the agitation campaign aimed at women and the gender stereotypes, which were applied when viewing women and members or even presidents of the national committees.

Denisa Nečasová JANA MALÍNSKÁ, Do politiky prý žena nesmí – proč? Vzdělání a postavení žen v české společnosti v 19. a na počátku 20. století

Denisa Nečasová A History of Women or Gender History?

The article provides a critical overview of research into the history of women and gender history of roughly the last three decades, focusing on the founding generation of American women historians. It considers in detail the debate that was called forth by the provocative, manifesto-like articles of Joan W. Scott, particularly ‘Gender: A Useful Category of Historical Analysis’. In addition, however, it discusses reserved approaches to historiography, which can be called feminist. With many small observations the article considers, for example, the limits of existing interpretations of approaches, the fuzziness of the definition of gender history, and the sometimes too narrowly defined conception of gender history as the history of power. The author briefly also considers Czech research, which hitherto has tended to concentrate on the history of women rather than gender history, and for the time being has not, with few exceptions, gone beyond the reception of English-language works and the methods they employ.

Denisa Nečasová JAKUB RÁKOSNÍK, RADKA ŠUSTROVÁ, Rodina v zájmu státu. Populační růst a instituce manželství v českých zemích 1918–1989