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Radmila Švaříčková-Slabáková On Memory, History, Concious and Unconscious

The article tries to analyze contemporary research in memory studies, above all on the example of Anglo-saxon and French historiographies. First, it traces the contribution of already several generations of memory studies, providing a brief comparison with the Czech historiography of memory. Next, it gives examples of different approaches towards two key concepts – memory and history, analyzing their relationship in Nora’s Les Lieux de Mémoire and Halbwachs’s studies on memory. Individual and collective memories and their possible interpretations are treated with respect to the psychological approach towards memory and the importance of unconscious for historians is demonstrated on the works of C. G. Jung, A. Toynbee, L. Passerini and V. de Gaulejac. The article concludes focusing on contemporary oral history research stated that collective memory studies and oral history studies convert which is challenging for individual memories and individual remembering, the original key concepts of oral history studies.

Radmila Švaříčková-Slabáková Some Remarks on the Xth Congress of Czech Historians in Ostrava

The author presents distinctively subjective observations on the Xth Congress of Czech Historians, which took place on September 14–16, 2011 in Ostrava. She evaluates its limitations and contributions, both in relation to previous congresses of Czech historians and in connection with current historiography abroad and its main methodological trends..

Radmila Švaříčková Slabáková VÁCLAV GRUBHOFFER, Pod závojem smrti. Poslední věci Schwarzenbergů v letech 1732–1914

Radmila Švaříčková Slabáková Remembering Emotions in Ego-Documents

The aim of this article is to problematize the relationship between emotions and memory in ego-documents. Ego-documents (self-narratives or first-hand accounts), such as memoirs, diaries and autobiographies, have traditionally been considered sources that provide direct access to the emotions of people in the past. However – what happens to emotions between the moment they are experienced and the moment of writing? In this article I seek to find an answer to this question, drawing on the findings of cognitive psychology and neuroscience. I provide an overview of this highly disparate domain of research, focusing particularly on flashbulb memory and the fading affect bias. In the second section, I show that cognitive appraisal theories can be particularly useful for the history of emotions because they deny that emotions are purely physical arousals and consider the reconstructive nature of remembered emotions. Although psychological and neuroscientific research into the relationship between memory and emotions has found little common ground, existing studies have demonstrated that remembered emotions cannot be interpreted as direct, unchanged “mirrors of the soul”. On the other hand, the empirical research carried out in these fields can be inspirational for the history of emotions, which is primarily focused on social practices, schemas and norms, in turning our attention back to real lived experience.