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Jakub Rákosník VÁCLAV KAŠKA. Neukáznění a neangažovaní: Disciplinace členů KSČ v letech 1948–1952; JAROMÍR MRŇKA, Svéhlavá periferie: Každodennost diktatury KSČ na příkladu Šumperska a Zábřežska v letech 1945-1960

Jakub Rákosník JAKUB S. BENEŠ, Workers and Nationalism: Czech and German Social Democracy in Habsburg Austria, 1890–1918

Jakub Rákosník MILOŠ HAVELKA, Ideje – dějiny – společnost. Studie k historické sociologii vědění

Jakub Rákosník OTA KONRÁD, RUDOLF KUČERA, Cesty z apokalypsy. Fyzické násilí v pádu a obnově střední Evropy 1914–1922

Jakub Rákosník KAMIL ČINÁTL, JAN MERVART, JAROSLAV NAJBERT (edd.), Podoby československé normalizace: dějiny v diskusi

Jakub Rákosník LENKA KALINOVÁ, Společenské proměny v čase socialistického experimentu – K sociálním dějinám v letech 1945–1969

Jakub Rákosník The Long Thirties (1929–1945)

This study examines the thesis of the long 1930s. The theory of modernization diagnoses separate phases of modernity. The 1929-1945 period saw the culmination of what is known as the stage of organized modernity, which followed on to some extent from 19th century liberal modernity. This transformation process started in the last third of the 19th century and came to a head as a result of the great crash and the Second World War. From this standpoint the 1929-1945 period forms a unit in which the preconditions are formed for the creation of a postwar universalist welfare state and a mixed economy. The key processes here were an increase in state intervention in the economy and the promotion of social rights as a result of the experience of mass unemployment and wartime collectivism.

Jakub Rákosník Theories of the Welfare State in Contemporary Historiography

This article focuses on the theory of the welfare state and its use in historical research. The first part considers two classic interpretational approaches used in sociology, system theory and conflct theory, and also their main shortcomings. Systems-theory approaches to the interpretation of welfare states usually exhibit a dependence on a metanarrative of the understanding of history as displayed by the proponents of progress. The welfare state is thus largely understood as a necessary consequence of the modernization of society. An advantage of this approach, on the other hand, is the endeavour to achieve a universalistic conception of historical interpretation, including the practices of different cultures throughout the world. Conflict theory effectively describes struggle and tension in society, the result of which may be the achievement of the recognition of fundamental social rights. On the other hand, it has a tendency to underestimate systemic factors, which are not connected with the aggregation of interests and their representation in the social system. New interpretational trends in social historiography, particularly gender history, the study of governmentality, and the analysis of discourse, point to the shortcomings of these traditional approaches. Though they have at their disposal great critical potential and are able to raise neglected questions of the history of social states, these approaches do not offer a basis for similarly broad comparative historical research in system theory or conflict theory.

Jakub Rákosník MICHAEL WÖGERBAUER, PETR PÍŠA, PETR ŠÁMAL, PAVEL JANÁČEK a kol.: V obecném zájmu. Cenzura a sociální regulace literatury v moderní české kultuře 1749–2014

Michal Pullmann, Jakub Rákosník „Working class“ in the Modern Social Historical Writing

Current historical debates about class formation and collective identities in the modern societies point out the importance of the analytical category of class. The essay reconstructs various approaches to the category of class in the modern historical writing – based on differentiation and polarizing social structures (J. Kocka), class experience and class consciousness (E. P. Thompson), class discourse (G. Stedman Jones), „imaginary institution of society“ (P. Joyce). Upon these approaches, we employ different ways of historical explaining of the class formation to appreciate the issue of making and differentiation of normative patterns, allowing agents to identify suffering as a social phenomenon and opening new struggles for recognition.